Dairy Goat Terminology
Dairy Goat Definitions
Dairy cleaning agents
Herd Health Plans
Milking Bench (or stand)
Milking Parlor or Milking Room
Somatic Cell Count Test
American Dairy Goat Association, the oldest and largest diary goat registry in the United States
The placenta and associated membranes expelled from the uterus after kidding.
A laboratory test which counts the number of bacteria in a milk sample to indicate hygienic quality.
An excessive accumulation of gas in the rumen and reticulum, resulting in distension.
Animals with similar characteristics of conformation and color, which when mated together produce offspring with the same characteristics; the mating of animals
The period when goats will breed. In the Northern Hemisphere this is typically from September through December.
A male goat.
A young male goat.
A cloth rubbed on a buck and imbued with his odor and kept in a closed container. It is used by exposing the cloth to a doe and observing her reaction to help determine if she is in heat.
An indication of the compositional quality of milk.
Caprine arthritis encephalitis. A serious and widespread type of arthritis, caused by a retrovirus.
California mastitis test. A do-it-yourself kit to determine if a doe has mastitis
Pertaining to or derived from a goat
A system of scoring goats based on appearance.
The first milk produced after a doe kids. Colostrum has a very high nutritive value and is packed with immunity providing antibodies. It is essential that kid receive their first feed of colostrum (around 16 ounces) within 2 hours of birth as they are born with no natural immunity. Without it, a newborn has little chance of survival.
The nonforage part of a goat's diet, principally grain, but including oil meal and other feed supplements, that is high in energy and low in crude fiber.
The overall physical attributes of an animal, its shape and design.
To remove a substandard animal from a herd; also, such a substandard animal.
Alkaline or acid detergents for washing milking equipment; iodine or chlorine compounds for sanitizing milking equipment.
Dairy Herd Improvement Association. A program administrated by the United States Department of Agriculture, through Extension Services, to test and record milk production of cows and goats
Dairy Herd Improvement Registry. A milk production testing program administered by dairy goat registries in cooperation with DHIA.
A tool, usually electric, that is heated to burn the horn buds from young animals to prevent horn growth.
A female goat
A young female
Giving medication from a bottle
The rest period between consecutive calvings when we stop milking the does which gives their udder time to prepare for the next lactation. 60 days is the traditional length of the dry period and for the doe to rest and replenish reserves.
An animal enclosure having no vegetation
Mineral salts necessary for life, including sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium, and are lost when a body loses more fluid than it can take in.
The hay and/or grassy portion of a goat's diet
Free to eat at will with food (especially hay) always present
To give birth (kid) and come into milk
The time between breeding and kidding (average 150 days)
A goat that is not a purebred, or cannot be proven pure by registry records; any goat of mixed or unknown ancestry
A category of licensed dairy meeting strict regulations for equipment, milk handling and sanitation
Providing a measured amount food at set intervals
Estrus; the condition of a doe being ready to breed
A document produced by a vet to help the farmer plan routine husbandry and health treatments to promote a healthy herd.
Small bumps on a young kid from which horns grow
Over-accumulation of ketones in the body, responsible for pregnancy disease, acetonemia, twin lambing disease, and others that occur at the end of pregnancy or within a month of kidding.
A goat under one year of age; to give birth
The number of days between consecutive kiddings. This gives an indication of the fertility performance of individual does or a herd average. 245 days is the target for standard-sized goats. Dwarf goats will be less.
The period in which a goat is producing milk; the secretion or formation of milk.
Daily milk production as represented on a graph, usually rapidly rising soon after freshening, and then falling slowly.
An udder infection resulting in production of milk which looks abnormal e.g. discolored, clots, watery appearance.
A raised platform, usually with a seat for the milker and a stanchion for the goat's neck, that a goat stands upon to be milked
The specialized building which houses the milking equipment and were the cows are brought to be milked.
Milking a goat for more than one year
The maximum daily milk yield, which usually occurs around 6 weeks after kidding.
A term often used to describe farm animal
An indication of the compositional quality of milk.
An animal whose ancestry can be traced back to the establishment of a breed through the records of a registry association.
Milk as it comes from the goat; unpasteurized milk.
A goat, either not purebred or not verifiably purebred, that is recorded with ADGA.
A goat whose birth and ancestry is recorded by a registry association
An enzyme used to curdle milk and make cheese.
A placenta not expelled at kidding or shortly thereafter.
A system for pasturing livestock by which animals are turned out on one small section of pasture at a time; prevents overgrazing and sustains and renews plant growth.
High-fiber, low total digestible nutrient feed, consisting of coarse and bulky plants or plant parts; dry or green feed with over 18% crude fiber
The first large compartment of the stomach of a goat where cellulose is broken down
Persistent diarrhea in young animals
Male parent; to father
A laboratory test which counts the number of somatic (white blood cells) in a milk sample to indicate hygienic quality (udder health).
A device for restraining a goat by the neck for feeding or milking
A standard lactation is 305 days and is used to compare yields
A designation of high milk production based on a 1-day test not the entire lactation.
To remove the last milk from the udder
A cup into which the first squirt of milk from each teat is directed and which will show any abnormalities that might be in the milk.
Permanent identification of animals produced by placing indelible ink under the skin, generally in the ear but in the tail web of La Manchas
A dilute chemical solution, usually an iodine compound, for washing udders before milking
A castrated buck